Lorin Maazel Conductor
Lorin Maazel was born in Neuilly-sur-Seine, France, and brought up in the United States. His parents were musicians and his first conducting lesson he received at the age of seven. He made his conducting debut at the age of eight. At the age of eleven, he guest-conducted the NBC Symphony Orchestra on the radio. At twelve he toured the United States of America to conduct major orchestras. He made his violin debut at the age of fifteen. In 1960, Maazel became the first American to conduct at the Bayreuth Festspielhaus. He was chief conductor of the Deutsche Oper Berlin from 1965 to 1971 and the Radio-Symphonie-Orchester (RSO) Berlin from 1964 to 1975. In 1972, Maazel began his 10 year tenure as music director at the Cleveland Orchestra, succeeding George Szell. In 1977, he became music director of the Orchestre National de France in Paris, a position he held until 1991. From 1982 to 1984, Maazel served at the Vienna State Opera as general manager and principal conductor. From 1984 to 1988, Maazel was the music consultant to the Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra, and its music director from 1988 to 1996. From 1993 until 2002, he was chief conductor of the Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra in Munich. From 2002 until 2009 Maazel was the New York Philharmonic's music director, succeeding Kurt Masur. In March 2010, Maazel was named chief conductor of the Munich Philharmonic, effective with the 2012/13 season. Maazel died on July 13, 2014, at his Castleton Farms estate in Virginia.