Mariss Jansons was chief conductor of the Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra Amsterdam from 2004 to 2015. Jansons studied violin and conducting in St. Petersburg, and continued his studies with Hans Swarowsky in Vienna and Herbert von Karajan in Salzburg. In 1973, Mariss Jansons was appointed Yevgeny Mravinsky’s assistant with the St. Petersburg orchestra, which Jansons’s father Arvid had also conducted. From 1979 to 2000, he served as music director of the Oslo Philharmonic Orchestra, bringing it great international acclaim. Jansons has made numerous appearances throughout the world as a guest conductor of the Berlin, the Vienna and the London Philharmonic Orchestras, as well as the leading orchestras in the United States. He was music director of the Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra from 1997 to 2004 and has been music director of the Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra since 2003.